City Health Dashboard
This dashboard of the largest 500 US cities, plus 250 small to mid-size cities, breaks down a number of health-related topics: health outcomes, social and economic factors, health behaviors, physical environment, and clinical care. You can even download full reports by clicking “Data Access” at the very bottom of the website.
U.S. Census Bureau
The U.S. Census Bureau is a wealth of knowledge, but it can quickly feel overwhelming. If you are willing to dig into the numbers, here is a good way to start. From this link, type your county into the top search bar (county name, state name). Once you click enter, the top right corner will say “Explore Data” of county name, state profile. This will give you some high-level charts about various areas that you can dive deeper into, if you so desire. But this will give you a starting look at people, health, education, economy, housing, poverty, and more.