When many of us envision an ideal neighborhood, we picture children laughing and playing, people waving from their porches, and a generally cordial atmosphere. Safety and security are implied attributes of an ideal neighborhood, yet one crawling with police doesn’t elicit warm feelings of home. That’s because law enforcement, in and of itself, does not a safe neighborhood make.
In his book, The Abundant Community: Awakening the Power of Families and Neighborhoods, author John McKnight explains that:
“… A safe street is produced by eyes on the street. It is produced by people walking around, sitting outside, knowing neighbors, and being part of a social fabric. No number of gates or professional security people on patrol can make us safe. They can increase arrests, but basically safety is in the hands of citizens. Citizens outside the house, interacting with others, being familiar with the comings and goings of the neighbors.”
The book goes on to say that a Chicago study by Robert Sampson and colleagues found that two factors often predicted whether a neighborhood was crime prone: